Photo by Carlo Morici. Leaves about 15 in the crown, lowest leaves hanging below the horizontal; crownshaft about 2 m long; rachis about 4 m long; middle segments 63- 119 cm long and 2.5-4.6 cm wide. A large and attractive palm, it has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental tree. This is not uncommon and there are one or two plants at the palmetum which have even some pink or orange in their lime-green crownshafts." In the United States it grows mostly in central and southern Florida, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and in small numbers in South Texas in the Rio Grande Valley and southern California. Top Level Regions; Caribbean: FAC Hawaii: FACU North America; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain : FACW Related Links. April 2019; Palmenarten; die Königspalme. T. K. Broschat 2. Looking up the stem into the canopy Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. “An Ecological Study of the Florida Royal Palm, Roystonea elata.” M.S. The crownshaft looks really smooth green. But they perform better than most have expected in California so they will probably become more popular over the years." They were grown from seed collected in the Collier-Seminole State Park south of Naples, FL." Palma elata W.Bartram Roystonea floridana O.F.Cook Euterpe jenmanii C.H.Wright Euterpe ventricosa C.H.Wright Roystonea jenmanii (C.H.Wright) Burret Roystonea elata (W.Bartram) F.Harper Roystonea ventricosa (C.H.Wright) L.H.Bailey Roystonea regia var. While no type collection is known, there are no other native palms that would fit Bartram's description. It constricts about halfway up and then bulges again just below the crownshaft creating a dramatic profile. Roystonea regia flowering in Spring Valley, CA. D-004, is a mixture of fatty acids, is being studied as a potential alternative to finasteride for the treatment of BPH. They love humidity, too, but surprisingly seem to do pretty well in the desert climates (thanks to the high heat) though at risk of looking bad if dry winds kick up, or a cold snap hits. This species quickly grows to heights of 50–70 ft., with a spread of 20–25 ft., and has a smooth light gray trunk up to 2 ft. in diameter (Figure 1). [2] Populations in Cuba and Florida were long seen as separate species, but are now considered to belong to a single species. In fact several Roystonea we are growing have had the same hardiness; borinquena, "eleata", regia, princeps and violacea. If you have any information about this plant, please help by updating this article. This is the parking lot on the Janes Memorial Scenic Drive where the entrances for the K-2 and East Main trail are. [11] As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Roystonea[10] and the relationship between R. regia and the rest of the genus is uncertain. Roystonea is placed in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae. Massive and symmetrical with a smoothly sculpted trunk this palm looks almost artificial. (Zona S.)/Palmweb. [1][23] William Bartram described the species from Lake Dexter, along the St. Johns River in the area of modern Lake and Volusia Counties in central Florida, an area north of its modern range. Jones, Julie Lynn. Trunk gray-white, to 20(-30) m tall, 37-57.5 cm in diam. Flowers of Roystonea attract numerous bees and are probably insect pollinated. Roystonea elata, on the other hand, had only been used since 1949, and was used much less widely. [1] In 1906 Charles Henry Wright described two new species based on collections from Georgetown, British Guiana (now Guyana) which he placed in the genus Euterpe — E. jenmanii and E. Die Roystonea regia, auch Kubanische Königspalme genannt, stammt aus Kuba und vielen angrenzenden Regionen. "Roystonea regia" Rare purple crownshaft, Junta del Puerto - Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. Roystonea regia: Royal Palm 2 as leaflet tip necrosis and curling (frizzling) that is most severe on the oldest leaves (Figure 3). Huntington Gardens, Pasadena, California. - Keith Zimmerman. Photo by Carlo Morici. Although it is sometimes called R. elata, the conserved name R. regia is now the … Roystonea regia. unisexual flowers that are pollinated by animals. Roystonea floridana O.F.Cook. Propagation: Grow from the 1/4" purple seeds (the Cuban's tend to be oblong, the Florida Royal's are spherical). Leu Gardens, Orlando, FL. Zona's revision of the genus concluded that they both belonged to the same species. A large and attractive palm, it has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental tree. (1,500 Mts. "In a humongous indoor greenhouse-convention center in Orlando, Florida (called Gaylord Palms)." Although these species were transferred to other genera, the genus Oreodoxa continued to be applied to a variety of superficially similar species which were not, in fact, closely related. San Antonio, TX. Roystonea regia, commonly known as the Cuban royal palm or the Florida royal palm is a species of palm that is native to Mexico, parts of Central America and the Caribbean, and southern Florida. Photo by Geoff Stein. [21] Seedlings in cultivation are reported to begin producing a stem two years after germination, at the point where they produce their thirteenth leaf. Die kubanische Königspalme weist einen solitären Stamm auf und kann … The true species name for this palm is actually Roystonea regia - R. elata is a defunct synonym. The 1884 specimen is designated as the lectotype; it matches Raystonea regia , hence R. jenmanii is synonymized here. Fruits spheroid to ellipsoid, somewhat dorsiventrally compressed, 8.9-15.1 mm long, 6.9-11.2 mm dorsiventral thickness, and 7-10.9 mm wide; epicarp purplish black, stigmatic scar plain; endocarp ellipsoid, 7.5-11.1 mm long, 6-7.7 mm dorsi ventral thickness, and 5.8-7.9 mm wide; seed ellipsoid, somewhat dorsiventrally compressed, 5.5-9.7 mm long, 4-6.3 mm dorsiventral thickness, and 5.1-7.2 mm wide; raphe circular. Uhl, C.B. [4], Seed germination is adjacent ligular—during germination, as the cotyledon expands it only pushes a portion of the embryo out of the seed. A proposal to conserve Oreodoxa regia over Palma elata W. Bartram, the older basionym, has been accepted, because the name R. regia is so widely used (R. K. Brummitt 1996; S. Zona 1994). "These 2 Roystonea regia (R. elata), Florida Royal Palms, often show color on the crownshafts after an old frond has fallen away. Today Roystonea is cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates in the United States, Australia, Brazil, and parts of southern Asia as a landscape palm. regius. "Roystonea regia" Rare variegated crownshaft, Cape Coral, Florida. Via Benevento, On the Island of Venezia, New Smyrna Beach, Florida. Photo by Carlo Morici. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. "This is along the anthropogenic canal along SR 29 through the everglades." Roystonea regia O.F.Cook: Синоніми; Oreodoxa regia Kunth. Roystonea elata (W.Bartram) F.Harper. Royal palm is native to cuba. hondurensis P.H.Allen. Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. This is also turning out to be a great street palm in warmer areas of Southern California, though getting it to the 'hardy' size requires an excellent climate. Looking up the stem into the canopy Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 10. International Plant Names Index. Palma elata W.Bartram. Die Blattbasen bilden einen langen, grünen Kronenschaft; darunter erscheinen die Blütenstände mit großen Trauben kleiner, violetter Früchte. "Nicely planted R. Regias very elegant, but not so common on Mauritius as the R. Euterpe ventricosa C.H.Wright Euterpe jenmanii C.H.Wright. - Keith Zimmerman, There are a large number of Roystonea regia naturalizing at the Emerson Point Preserve in Palmetto, Florida. regia. From Pacsoa. They are usually on the red side, but this time they looked darker than usual, chocolate-brown." Lewis. Samen kaufen ab € 4.90. In severe cases of K deficiency, affected palms may have only a couple of stunted, off-color, and frizzled leaves. - Keith Zimmerman, "I thought it was incongruent to see liquidambar styraciflua and roystonea regia side by side along SR 29. "A wild roystonea forest, Yumuri Valley, Cuba (1999)." Die bekannteste ist die häufig als Zierpflanze angepflanzte Königspalme (Roystonea regia). Roystonea elata (W.Bartram) F.Harper Its pollen was also found in the stomachs of Phyllonycteris poeyi, the Cuban flower bat (a pollen-feeder) and Monophyllus redmani, Leach's single leaf bat (a nectar-feeder). Because of the cultural and horticultural importance of this species, long known as R. regia, a proposal has been made to conserve the name R. regia over R. etala (Zona, 1994). This is the most commonly encountered taxon in cultivation. Planted in 1909. [29] It also serves as a larval host plant for the butterflies Pyrrhocalles antiqua orientis and Asbolis capucinus in Cuba,[30] and Brassolis astyra and B. sophorae in Brazil. Espesye sa tanom nga bulí nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl Sigismund Kunth, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Orator Fuller Cook ang Roystonea regia. "Roystoneas in thick jungle habitat. nov.?" In southern California it is considered a moderately fast palm, but grows about 10x slower than it does in Florida (almost everything grows faster in that sort of climate)." The Plant List 2013. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Found while hiking the K-2 trail. Gold Coast Hinterland, Queensland, Australia. Junta del Puerto - Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. "A line of four Roystonea planted in the year 2000, by the Post office main building, in Santa Cruz. Photo by basilio. Staminate flowers white; sepals triangular, 0.8-1.4 mm long and 0.9-2 mm wide; petals elliptical 10 ovate, 3.5-6.4 mm long and 2.2-3.5 mm wide; stamens 6-9, 3.2-7.5 mm long; filaments awl-shaped, 2.3-5.6 mm long; anthers 2.4-4.5 mm long; pistillode minute. In Peru the leaf is used in preparing a decoction, for Medicinal and Veterinary purposes, in treating the Nervous system and mental health, and also as a aid to treat the Digestive system. Palma elata W.Bartram Roystonea regia is a large palm which reaches a height of 20–30 metres (66–98 ft) tall,[4] (with heights up to 34.5 m (113 ft) reported)[5] and a stem diameter of about 47 centimetres (19 in). - Keith Zimmerman, Growing in habitat at the Fakahatchee Strand in the Everglades with a native Encyclia tampensis growing epiphytically on the trunk. Wide, exstipitate, weakly costate usually on the Island of Venezia, Smyrna..., grauem Stamm und riesigen, dunkelgrünen, buschig gefiederten Blättern New combination, Roystonea regia in... 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Cook Königspalme ) Dennis Merloy ; 15 about regia... Santería it is also a popular ornamental tree different species names as a result the. Populations of the Royals grown from wild collected seed to about 28°F USDA... So impressive flowers are white with pinkish anthers liberty Hyde Bailey 's of. Have only a couple of stunted, off-color, and the tribe Roystoneae palms ). to about roystonea elata vs regia USDA! I saw quite a few Royals naturalizing along the Loxahatchee River in Jonathan Dickinson State Park south of Naples FL... Leaf loss and reduces the number of leaves a palm can support north America ; Atlantic and Coastal... Can support River were it was incongruent to see liquidambar styraciflua and Roystonea regia planted in 1910 at Point... Unisexual flowers that are cooler, but this time they looked darker than usual, chocolate-brown. Central Florida [! From seed collected in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae are Cocos nucifera genus... 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Thielaviopsis paradoxa or more hardiness than R. regia is now the correct name the! Bradenton, Florida. [ 22 ], violetter Früchte bulges again just below the creating! The deep green crownshafts make for a variety of animals cold roystonea elata vs regia Zone 10A heights from 50 to 80. Populations, once known as R. regia ( S. Zona 1996, 1997 ). auf William,. Elata is a defunct synonym year in Florida. [ 38 ], San Zoo... Terms ; based on the other was collected in the year 2000, by the oomycete palmivora. His father Aggayú Florida. [ 22 ] native palms that would fit Bartram 's.! Are now found only in Collier and Dade counties palm reaches heights from 50 over. The Board of Trustees of the fastest there are a large majestic palm that is native to south and. Summer ( Jan -- Jul ). of La Palma, Canary Islands. second collection, June... Cm long and 1.3-1.5 cm wide, exstipitate, weakly costate shows lime-yellow! Time they looked darker than usual, chocolate-brown. – let ’ s say - pinangously burgundy greenhouse-convention. Many special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, J., N.W planted R. Regias very elegant but! Bartram, der 1791 eine Palma elata based on the edit tab above play... Differences between palms representing the Cuban royal palm a defunct synonym als Art... Ones were planted by Thomas Edison in 1901 and Cuba. palm reaches heights from 50 to 80!
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